AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) 4895 C/T gene polymorphism with obesity and obesity-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Japanese.
METHOD: This study included 1,452 Japanese (678 men and 774 women, aged 25 to 74) from rural communities in Shimane Prefecture, Japan.
RESULTS: The frequency of the C minor allele of CNR1 4895 C/T polymorphism was 47%. In men, the CC genotype carriers showed significantly greater body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) values than T allele carriers, even after adjusting for age and medications for hypertension, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes. The frequency of obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m(2)) in CC genotype carriers was significantly greater than in T allele carriers (31.8% vs 21.5%), but the frequency of central obesity (WC ≥85 for men and WC ≥90 cm for women) was not significant by CNR1 4895 C/T genotype. CC genotype carriers of CNR1 4895 C/T showed, in logistic regression analysis, significantly greater odds for obesity than T allele carriers, even after adjustment for age and the above-mentioned medications. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) values were also significantly different between the CC genotype and T allele carriers after controlling for age, medications for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes, and BMI or WC.
CONCLUSION: This study supports the association of CNR1 4895 C/T with interindividual differences in obesity in men.