Efects of implementing a postabortion care strategy in Kinshasa referral hospitals, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Daniel Katuashi Ishoso1* , Antoinette Tshefu1 , Thérèse Delvaux2 , Michèle Dramaix3 , Guy Mukumpuri4 and Yves Coppieters5
Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the efects of the implementation of a postabortion care (PAC) strategy in Kinshasa referral hospitals, this study analyzed the quality of postabortion care services, including postabortion contraception, and the duration of hospitalization. Methodology: We estimated the efects of the PAC strategy using a quasi-experimental study by evaluating the outcomes of 334 patients with the diagnosis of a complication of induced abortion admitted to 10 hospitals in which the PAC strategy was implemented compared to the same outcomes in 314 patients with the same diagnosis admitted to 10 control facilities from 01/01/2016 to 12/31/2018. In response to government policy, the PAC strategy included the treatment of abortion complications with recommended uterine evacuation technology, the family planning counseling and service provision, linkages with other reproductive health services, including STI evaluation and HIV counseling and/or referral for testing, and partnerships between providers and communities. The information was collected using a questionnaire and stored using open data kit software. We supplemented this information with data abstracted from patient records, facility registries of gynecological obstetrical emergencies, and family planning registries.
We analyzed data and developed regression models using STATA15. Thus, we compared changes in use of specifc treatments and duration of hospitalization using a “diference-in-diferences” analysis. Results: The implementation of PAC strategy in Kinshasa referral hospitals has resulted in the utilization of WHO rec ommended uterine evacuation method MVA (29.3% more in the experimental structures, p=0.025), a non-signifcant decline in sharp-curettage (19.3% less, p=0.132), and a decline in the duration of hospitalization of patients admitted for PAC (1 day less, p=0.020). We did not observe any change in the use of PAC services, mortality, and the provision of post abortion contraception. Conclusion: Despite signifcant improvement in the management of PAC, the uptake in WHO approved technol ogy—namely MVA, and the duration of hospitalization, these outcomes while a signifcant improvement for DRC, indicate that additional quality improvement strategies for management of PAC and risk-mitigating strategies to reduce barriers to care are required.
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