Service de Pédiatrie, Hôpital de la Mère et de l’Enfant Lagune, Cotonou 01 BP 107, Bénin.
J Trop Pediatr. 2013 Apr;59(2):154-9
To investigate the disease burden, clinical features, treatment and outcomes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in neonates and infants weighing <5 kg in five sub-Saharan African countries.
Pediatric hospital records were retrospectively reviewed for relevant cases. Details of clinical features, treatment and clinical outcomes were collected, and a descriptive analysis of data was carried out.
The annual number of malaria cases ranged from 12 to 120 cases across hospitals and calendar years. The most frequent reason for seeking care was fever. Parasite density was low. Quinine was the most common treatment, followed by artemisinin-based combination therapy. The majority of patients recovered from their illness following treatment.
Plasmodium falciparum malaria exists in this subpopulation. Further epidemiological data are needed to estimate malaria morbidity and mortality in young infants. Moreover, clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of artemisinin-based combination therapies in this subpopulation is warranted.